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An Official Publication of the Indian Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologists


 
CASE REPORT Table of Contents   
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 70-77
Amelogenesis imperfecta: Report of a case and review of literature


1 Department of Oral Pathology, New Horizon Dental College and Research Institute, Sakri, Bilaspur, India
2 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, New Horizon Dental College and Research Institute, Sakri, Bilaspur, India
3 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Dr. D.Y. Patil Dental College and Hospital, Pimpri, Pune, India

Correspondence Address:
Mayur Chaudhary
Department of Oral Pathology, New Horizon Dental College and Research Institute, Sakri, Bilaspur
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-029X.57673

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Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a diverse collection of inherited diseases that exhibit quantitative or qualitative tooth enamel defects in the absence of systemic manifestations. Also known by varied names such as Hereditary enamel dysplasia, Hereditary brown enamel, Hereditary brown opalescent teeth, this defect is entirely ectodermal, since mesodermal components of the teeth are basically normal. The AI trait can be transmitted by either autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, or X-linked modes of inheritance. Genes implicated in autosomal forms are genes encoding enamel matrix proteins, namely: enamelin and ameloblastin, tuftelin, MMP-20 and kallikrein - 4. This article presents a case reported to Dr. D. Y. Patil, Dental College and Hospital, Pune, India, along with a review of this often seen clinical entity.


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Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 15th Aug, 2007