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An Official Publication of the Indian Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologists

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 78-81
Neutrophil: Lymphocyte ratio and oral squamous cell carcinoma: A preliminary study

Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Manubhai Patel Dental College and Hospital, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Arpan K Shah
Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Manubhai Patel Dental College and Hospital, Vadodara, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jomfp.JOMFP_160_17

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Introduction/Background: It is well-established that host response plays a vital role in the determination of biological behavior of tumors. Inflammatory response against tumors has been a focus of research in recent years. There has been extensive research regarding inflammatory reaction in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) in tissue specimens. However, there is no much data regarding systemic inflammatory response in OSCC. It was recently reported that an elevated neutrophil:lymphocyte ratio (NLR) may correlate with aggressive biological behavior in various malignancies including head-and-neck tumors. Thus, the study was undertaken with the aim of evaluation of NLR in peripheral blood of patients suffering from OSCC. Materials and Methods: The research was a prospective, case–control study. Hundred patients suffering from OSCC and 100 healthy individuals were included in the study, after obtaining informed consent. NLR was determined from the differential leukocyte count obtained from complete blood count in each case. Comparison of NLR was made among two groups. Results: The mean value of absolute neutrophil count was found to be significantly higher in OSCC cases than in controls (P < 0.01). The mean value of NLR in OSCC was found to be 2.84, and in controls, it was 1.95. This difference was found to be statistically significant (P < 0.001). Conclusion: NLR and other hematological parameters may serve as surrogate marker for potential aggressive behavior of OSCC and may help in prognostic prediction of these cases.

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Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 15th Aug, 2007