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An Official Publication of the Indian Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologists


 
FORENSIC CORNER - ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 537-542
Cephalic index, facial index and dental parameters: A correlative study to evaluate their significance in facial reconstruction


1 Department of Orthodontics, JSS Dental College and Hospital, JSS AHER, Mysuru, Karnataka, India
2 Asst. Anthropologist Survey of India, Mysuru, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, JSS Dental College and Hospital, JSS AHER, Mysuru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
H S Sreeshyla
Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, JSS Dental College and Hospital, JSS AHER, SS Nagar, Mysuru - 570 015, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jomfp.jomfp_68_21

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Background: It becomes extremely challenging for forensic artists to reconstruct the highly decomposed faces, especially during mass disasters. It would be of great help for the identifying team of experts if there was a method to determine the facial and cephalic dimensions. This study aims to provide a method to generate a simplified method to calculate the facial and cephalic indices of an individual based on the dentition since human dentition remains almost intact in most scenarios. Materials and Methods: The sample consisted of 200 participants with the age range of 18–23 years belonging to Kerala. The cephalic and facial indices were measured using a caliper. The interincisal, intercanine, interpremolar and intermolar widths of maxillary dentition were measured on study models using a digital vernier caliper. The mean cranial and facial index were calculated and were correlated with interdental measurements. Results: It was concluded that dominant head types in Kerala males were dolichocephalic (50.2%) followed by mesocephalic (29.8%). In females, the dominant head types were dolichocephalic (42.7%) followed by mesocephalic (42.2%). In the facial types, majority of individuals were found to be leptoprosopic. A good correlation was found between the intercanine width with facial width and cranial width and a simplified formula were derived to estimate the cranial and facial index for this population. Conclusion: The results of the study suggest that the facial index and cranial index of a particular population can be evaluated from interdental measurements of the maxillary cast, especially the intercanine width.


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Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 15th Aug, 2007