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An Official Publication of the Indian Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologists

Year : 2021  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 553-554
Association of bedtime with recurrent aphthous stomatitis: A cross-sectional study among health.care professional students

1 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Bharati Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University) Dental College and Hospital, Sangli, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, ESIC Dental College and Hospital, Gulbarga, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Rajarajeshwari Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Mamata Kamat
Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Bharati Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University) Dental College and Hospital, Sangli - 416 416. Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jomfp.jomfp_401_20

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Background: Although recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is the most common oral mucosal disease, the etiology remains poorly understood till date. In addition, RAS lacks definitive therapeutic options, and hence, it becomes even more important to know the etiological factor so as to relieve the symptoms and render treatment effectively. Recently, late bedtime has been shown to be associated with RAS. Due to prolonged duty hours along with lengthy learning and training periods, late bedtime is a frequent observation among health-care professional students. However, this is a less explored field in the previous studies on RAS. Aims: This study aimed to evaluate the role of bedtime in the causation of RAS among health-care professional students. Methods: This present cross-sectional survey was carried out among medical, dental and nursing students studying in our medical campus, using an anonymous, self-administered questionnaire consisting of 18 items. The collected data was statistically analyzed and interpreted. Descriptive analysis and Chi-square tests were employed to assess the association of RAS with various variables. Results: Among a total of 1111 students who participated in the study, 39.8% (n = 442) experienced RAS. Factors such as history of digestive tract disease, family history and stress showed a positive correlation with RAS. Interestingly, both during examination and nonexamination period, RAS was more prevalent among students with bedtime >11pm than in students with bedtime <11 pm. Conclusion: The study indicates that late bedtime is an independent risk factor for RAS and thus clinicians should focus on recommending a healthy lifestyle with adequate sleep to patients with RAS. This would benefit patients with RAS, especially health-care professional students, and could probably contribute to long-term remission in RAS.

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Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 15th Aug, 2007