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An Official Publication of the Indian Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologists

Year : 2022  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 133
Mandibular metastasis of follicular thyroid carcinoma: A case report along with the concise review of literature

1 Department of Oral Pathology, Microbiology and Forensic Odontology, Laxmi Bai Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Patiala, Punjab, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Guru Nanak Dev Dental College and Research Institute, Sunam, Punjab, India
3 Department of Oral Pathology, Microbiology and Forensic Odontology, Rayat and Bahra Dental College and Hospital, Mohali, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
S Gupta
H. No. 95/3, Adarsh Nagar, Dera Bassi, Dist: Mohali, Punjab
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jomfp.jomfp_408_21

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Metastasis is one of the most common consequences of malignant tumors, and it is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Metastatic cancers to oral cavity are extremely rare. Moreover, the true incidence has yet to be determined. Despite their rarity, they are important clinically, since they can be the first and the only evidence of spread in many situations. Breast, kidney, lung, prostate and gastrointestinal tract are the most common sources of metastases in the oral cavity. Thyroid carcinoma is the most prevalent type of endocrine cancer, yet it rarely spreads to the oral cavity. After papillary thyroid carcinoma, follicular thyroid carcinoma is the second-most frequent kind of thyroid cancer. Jawbones are more commonly affected than soft tissues. Literature research revealed that till date, 44 cases of metastatic follicular thyroid cancer to the jawbones have been documented with mandibular preponderance (40 cases). With the rising occurrence of oral metastatic tumors in recent years, it has become increasingly important to diagnose them early to avoid future consequences. We present here an unusual case of metastatic follicular thyroid cancer in the mandible of an elderly adult along with a comprehensive review of the literature.

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Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 15th Aug, 2007