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An Official Publication of the Indian Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologists

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 599
Cancer causing chewing habits and related oral lesions – A comparative study among females of socio-culturally different areas of West Bengal

1 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, North Bengal Dental College and Hospital, Darjeeling, West Bengal, India
2 Professor and Former Head and In-Charge of Occupational Ergonomics Laboratory, Department of Physiology, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Somnath Gangopadhyay
Department of Physiology, University of Calcutta, Rashbehari Siksha Prangan (Commonly Known as Rajabazar Science College Campus) 92, Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road, Kolkata - 700 009, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jomfp.jomfp_220_21

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Background: Smokeless tobacco, as well as areca-nut both, causes cancerous and precancerous lesions of the oral cavity. The traditional value of India, as well as West Bengal do not allow females for smoking, but there is no such disapproval for using smokeless tobacco or areca nut. Geographically and socio-culturally, the Northern part of West Bengal differs from its Southern part. Aims: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of different chewing habits, habit products, and habit-related different oral lesions among females in two socio-culturally different areas of West Bengal. Methods: A total of 222 women from areas of North Bengal and 173 women from areas of South Bengal aged 15 years and above were selected. A face-to-face interview was conducted using a structured questionnaire. An oral cavity examination was done to rule out any oral mucosal alterations caused by cancer-causing habits. Statistical Analysis: Chi-square test or Fischer's exact tests were used to compare unpaired proportions as appropriate. Results: In areas of the northern part of Bengal, 42.34% of females were chewers, and in areas of the southern part of Bengal 18.50% of females were chewers. Younger female chewers were more from areas of the northern part of Bengal. Women, residing in different areas of the northern part of Bengal had more habit-related oral lesions, compared to the southern part of Bengal. Conclusion: Special attention should be given to increasing awareness regarding chewing habit-related health hazards among females, especially in areas of North Bengal.

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Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 15th Aug, 2007