Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contact Us Login 
An Official Publication of the Indian Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologists

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 603
Exploring a safer alternative to eosin in soft tissue staining

Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, MGV's KBH Dental College, Nashik, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Surabhi A Sarode
62, Om Sai Nagar, Old Kamptee Raod, Kalamna, Nagpur, Maharashtra
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jomfp.jomfp_27_22

Rights and Permissions

Context: Hematoxylin–eosin (H&E) stain has stood the test of time as the standard stain for histologic examination of human tissues. Haematoxylin is a natural dye, on the contrary, its counterstain eosin is a synthetic dye which belongs to the xanthene group. Synthetic dyes are hazardous to human and animal health. With the increasing awareness of a green earth, it is advisable to use environment-friendly and biodegradable materials. Therefore, an attempt was made to develop as biofriendly substitute in the form of food colour as a counterstain for haematoxylin. Aim: To assess the staining ability of food colouring agents in routine staining and to compare its staining efficacy with Eosin. Settings and Design: Two food colours were obtained and stain was prepared by using 70% ethyl alcohol as counterstain for haematoxylin. Different tissue structures such as epithelium, keratin, collagen fibers, muscles, salivary glands, adipocytes, blood vessels, RBCs were observed and evaluated. Methods and Material: Group A –10 slides stained with green food colour, Group B – 10 slides stained with tomato red food colour and Group C – 10 slides stained with conventional H and E. The stained sections were assessed and graded for nuclear staining, cytoplasmic staining, clarity, uniformity and crispness of staining. Statistical Analysis Used: The non-parametric Kruskal–Wallis and Mann–Whitney U tests were performed for statistical analysis. Results: There was no statistically significant difference between the three study groups with respect to all the parameters except crispness of staining. The crispness of Tomato Red and H and E was better compared to green food colour. Conclusions: Food colouring agents can be used as a safe, biofriendly and inexpensive substitute to eosin in conventional soft tissue staining.

Print this article  Email this article

  Similar in PUBMED
    Search Pubmed for
    Search in Google Scholar for
  Related articles
   Citation Manager
  Access Statistics
   Reader Comments
   Email Alert *
   Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded41    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal


Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 15th Aug, 2007