Year : 2022 | Volume
: 26 | Issue : 4 | Page : 598-
Apoptotic and mitotic indices in oral epithelial dysplasia and squamous cell carcinoma: A comparative study
PD Suhasini, Shaila Mulki, H Supriya
Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, KVG Dental College and Hospital, Sullia, Karnataka, India
Background: Assessment of apoptotic cells and mitotic figures using light microscopy is an easy and viable alternative to assess tumour behaviour.
Aims: To evaluate apoptotic index (AI), mitotic index (MI) and apoptotic to mitotic index ratio (AI: MI) in different grades of oral epithelial dysplasia (OED) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) in haematoxylin and eosin-stained (H&E) sections.
Settings and Design: The study included 45 cases each of OED and OSCC cases which were further subgrouped into groups of 15 each based on their grades. AI, MI and AI/MI were assessed and compared with 15 cases of normal mucosa.
Methods and Material: Apoptotic cells and mitotic figures were counted using a binocular light microscope equipped with an oculometer grid (20 × 20 squares) on the eyepiece. Cells were counted in 15 grid fields under oil immersion lenses (×100) in a stepladder fashion. AI/MI ratio was calculated.
Statistical Analysis: The results obtained were statistically analysed using Analysis of variance and Tukey Honestly Significant Difference tests with SPSS 20 software at a 0.05 significance level.
Results: AI increased with increasing grades of dysplasia and decreased with increasing grades of OSCC. MI increased with increasing grades of OED and OSCC. AI/MI increased with increasing grades of OED but decreased with increasing grades of OSCC.
Conclusion: In the light of the current observations, AI, MI and AI: MI can be considered as valuable parameters to assess the biological behaviour of OED and OSCC.
Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, KVG Dental College and Hospital, Sullia, Karnataka - 574 327
|How to cite this article:|
Suhasini P D, Mulki S, Supriya H. Apoptotic and mitotic indices in oral epithelial dysplasia and squamous cell carcinoma: A comparative study.J Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2022;26:598-598
|How to cite this URL:|
Suhasini P D, Mulki S, Supriya H. Apoptotic and mitotic indices in oral epithelial dysplasia and squamous cell carcinoma: A comparative study. J Oral Maxillofac Pathol [serial online] 2022 [cited 2023 Mar 28 ];26:598-598
Available from: https://www.jomfp.in/article.asp?issn=0973-029X;year=2022;volume=26;issue=4;spage=598;epage=598;aulast=Suhasini;type=0